The 167th Fights in France

The 167th Infantry Regiment became a premier fighting force in the American Expeditionary Forces. The French referred to these Alabamians as American Tigers. They accomplished a record-setting 110 days in the front trenches without relief. They were involved in some of the heaviest fighting and saw action in most of the AEF's major campaigns.

The 42nd “Rainbow” Division was one of the first four to arrive in France in November 1917. The men underwent training by French officers until their initial deployment to the front in February 1918 in the Luneville Sector. From there they would go on to fight in most of the remaining major battles. The 42nd was instrumental in holding back the Germans’ last effort to reach Paris during the Second Battle of the Marne in spring 1918. Following the hold, the Allies went on the offensive to push back the Germans.

The Alabamians of the 167th saw their fiercest fighting in July 1918 near Croix Rouge Farm. Their success in that battle played an important role in gaining the Allies access to cross the Ourcq River, but at the high price of over 160 casualties.

Later that month while fighting in the Aisne-Marne Offensive, Corporal Sidney E. Manning of Flomaton performed heroically, earning the Congressional Medal of Honor. The Alabamians would go on to fight in other important sectors. 

Battle Map
Battle Map

Courtesy of Croix Rouge Farm Memorial Foundation.

Releasing Pigeons in the Trenches
Releasing Pigeons in the Trenches

Major Garrett and Captain Underwood releasing pigeons in the trenches near Saint-Pole, May 13, 1918. Courtesy of MacArthur Memorial Archives, Norfolk, VA.

167th Bayonet Drill
167th Bayonet Drill

167th Bayonet Drill, February 4, 1918. Courtesy of MacArthur Memorial Archives, Norfolk, VA.

Men of Company I in Pup Tents
Men of Company I in Pup Tents

Men of Company I from Opelika in front of their pup tents in camouflaged Champagne encampment, July 6, 1918. Courtesy of National Archives.

Men of Company H in Trench
Men of Company H in Trench

Men of Company H, Alexander City, in dugouts by the road near Bouillonville, September 16, 1918, during the fighting at Saint-Mihiel. Two would be killed by shell fire less than five minutes later. Courtesy National Archives.

Croix Rouge Farm
Croix Rouge Farm

Courtesy of Croix Rouge Farm Memorial Foundation.

"My father was wounded at about six o’clock.  He said he was picked up about eleven, and he had a story to tell about being in a shell hole.  When he crawled into the shell hole, he said there was a dead German in there. And there was a French guy...the Frenchman motions to my old man to 'stick your head up and see where the Bosch is' and my old man tells the Frenchman, 'You do it.' The guy sticks his head up and somebody blows it off."

 

Nimrod T. Frazer on the experience of his father,  

Private Will Frazer, at the Battle of Croix Rouge Farm